Thursday, May 30, 2019

Main Considerations to Think About When Selecting a Mobile Telemetry System

Selecting the right telemetry unit for your remote site is essential. The selection process can turn out to be a little bit confusing. This is because you must settle for a telemetry unit that has the correct capacity, useful features and an excellent interface.

With an ideal telemetry system, you can experience nothing short of immediate data visibility. It also helps you identify gaps, which exist in your security system. The following are some effective guidelines you can use to select the best telemetry system:

Conduct an extensive site survey
Primarily, you should conduct a comprehensive survey of the existing system. Ensure you do a thorough survey of the system (s) you have installed. Additionally, check all the physical sites you intend to monitor. As you conduct your survey, take inventory of your current monitoring systems. Because you have plans of installing a brand new system does not necessarily mean that your older equipment are redundant.

With that in mind, shop extensively for a mobile telemetry unit which you can plug inside your current system. It should also work with all the existing equipment you have. With all these steps, you can surely settle for the best of the best mobile telemetry system.

Identify your long-term goals

When searching for the best telemetry unit, you should always work with both your future goals and immediate end goal. A telemetry unit should bring with it features that support all your future monitoring plans. Anything contrary to this will prove inadequate to you. Moreover, you will have to spend much more money handling extra upgrades. Nonetheless, refrain from falling into the temptation of purchasing monitoring systems that have more capacities compared to your present needs.

Consider the following to help you settle for telemetry security monitoring units that will effectively address all your goals:
How many alarm points will your system need to monitor in the near future (between two to five years and five to ten years)?
Which system features adequately cover your needs?
Which method of data protocols and transport will your telemetry unit use?
How do you plan to store your telemetry units?
Which alarm termination types do you intend to use?
Which methods for getting alarm notifications do you plan to employ?
Undoubtedly, it is highly cost efficient to seek the services of Mobile Telemetry LLC. This is because you will get great help in rolling out your system by increasing it in a much more controlled manner compared to rushing into employing a system with too many capabilities concurrently.

Fundamental features
The system you opt for must have the following essential features:

Alarm notifications – Your system must be able to send you notifications through page messages, email, or SMS. Additionally, these notifications must always have excellent detailing to allow both field and office based personnel to make sound decisions real time.
Web support
Alarm analytics function
Support for both remote control and analogue monitoring relays

How Music Impacts Your Mood and Memory?

How Music Improves Your Mood And Outlook On Life

New analysis found that feelings of happiness magnified once participants within the study listened to
upbeat music, and were asked to specialize in lifting their mood. A connected study incontestible that
taking note of happy or unhappy music may also amendment however you understand the globe.
whereas these studies show the positive impact music has upon your mental and spirit, they conjointly
underscore the capability we’ve got to change our inner expertise through acutely aware effort and
focus — as recent analysis on meditation and brain operate has incontestible.

In the initial study, reportable within the Journal of Positive psychological science, researchers at the
University of Missouri found that “Our work provides support for what many folks already do — hear
music to boost their moods,” consistent with lead author Yuna Ferguson. “Although following personal
happiness could also be thought of as a egoistic venture, analysis suggests that happiness relates to
a better chance of socially useful behavior, higher physical health, higher financial gain and bigger
relationship satisfaction.” In 2 studies by Ferguson, participants with success improved their moods
within the short term and boosted their overall happiness over a 2 week amount. The study’s author,
Kennon Sheldon, additional that the analysis “…suggests that we are able to on purpose look for to
create mental changes resulting in new positive experiences of life.” This study is summarized in
Science Daily.

The other study, conducted by researchers at the University of Groningen, found that music isn’t solely
able to have an effect on your mood — taking note of significantly happy or unhappy music will even
amendment the method we tend to understand the globe. That is, music and mood area unit closely
reticulate .Happy song on the radio will cause you to feel additional sad or happy. However, such
mood amendments conjointly change your perception. as an example, folks can acknowledge happy
faces if they’re feeling happy themselves. The researchers had their take a look at subjects perform a
task within which they’d to spot happy and unhappy smileys whereas taking note of happy or unhappy
music. Music clothed to possess an excellent influence on what the topics saw: smileys that matched
the music were known rather more accurately.

  • Researchers reportable

Your brain unceasingly compares the knowledge that comes in through your eyes with what it expects on the premise of what you recognize concerning the globe. the ultimate results of this comparison method is what we tend to eventually expertise as reality. Our analysis results recommend that the brain builds up expectations not simply on the premise of expertise however on your mood moreover.” This study is summarized in Science Dail.

Fantastico Short Story-II

The episodes will have the motto “Buy hope & Get dreams Free” & “Timing is never right, time is right”.

Every story will be cycled to the co-incidental circumstances of human beings stuck in the daily
problems. The characters will be designed/sketched considering the metaphysical theme in mind
where an ideal invisible character (own conscience) inside him/her & it’s called as Magic lantern.
Every human being has that power to overcome the fear inside taking out the MAGIC LANTERN
outside to lighten up their life. The struggle is mandatory for each & every living creature on earth.
The man is tired of his commuter life of job-home-job, the wife being just house wife-mother-
grandmother, boy wants to be guitar player rather than a pilot, girl wants to go abroad for higher
education; but it’s a matter of faith they got to keep on themselves.

The positive synopsis of every story will be focused on Children education stress, Youth Depression,
Money matters troubles, Emotional Solitude, Loneliness, Personality Disorders, Physically
handicapped, etc. The Protagonist is the conscience (faith & hope) inside the victim but the antagonist
will be the general issues (person, thing, materialistic) which create a barrier for him to come out with
flying colors
‘Dropping their Drawbacks’ they glow & grow with the situation fulfilling their dreams because it’s
never about the destiny it’s about hope.
These short stories will be surrounded by the layer around the human: Selfishness, Mercy,
Cunningness, Cult, Guilt, Faith, Hope, love, etc. So the ultimate ambition of them is just to behave
accordingly & not to take any uncertain-unexpected steps but to grab the opportunity that comes at
its specific right time.

Kyuki ‘hope hi he sabse badi tope’…..


The Gujarati word ‘Gillinder’ simply means a young kid who is smart, wise, clever & cute enough to
make other people fool & have fun for oneself, having the capacity & capability to perform any tough
task given.
The story takes the first gear when his Father has left the home leaving him, his 2 brothers and his
mother. Since he was 4, he began to take care of his family expenses by throwing newspaper,
working in cycle store, selling cashew nuts & experiencing almost every profession in his village-

The race against life starts when he comes to know that his father had indebted money from the
villagers & they will have to pay them all. Satish didn’t want to run though he was premature of 9;
he could certainly understand the situation looking at his mother & two younger brothers.
The Gillinder justifies the title showing his immense effort in making the family stand up again after 25
years of the struggle.
Satish surprises his son (Ravi-9 years old) saying “I am going to tell you what your father used to do
when he was 9 “.

The whole idea of this was to nurture his son with the Reality of life & to let him know all materialistic
cum emotional things. Ravi is surprised after every experience he listens of his father being: most
notorious unlike him, adventurous journey of education though studied till 4th standard, worked hard
like anything & much more.
Gillinder becomes nostalgic but looking at his present he forgets again he remembers that he had no
childhood like normal children, didn’t have any demands to get fulfilled by anyone; as the ultimate aim
was to earn 2 meals a day for 4 people.
This narration is about a Father to Son bonding making self-realization of unforgettable and
unexpressed moments of Satish’s life.

Free credit reports from all 3 bureaus

Starting with the credit score we should be able to know how we can get it increased. First of all it is a common misconception that credit score is based on artificial readings and it can be changed easily. Yes, but you can change it only naturally. A bad credit score does not means that you cannot take loan from any of the institution. You can increase the credit rating whenever you want it. There are several steps for this. Some of them are illustrated below:

  • Get informed about the real soul of Credit Report

Take free credit reports from all 3 bureausEvaluate and check for any lackingImprove it if neededPresent it to get a loan or credit facility approvedEnjoy the life

The simple way to know what is a credit report is to just check on internet and get different results. The internet or Google might not be able to give you clear and real answers then might be helpful. Another important thing about credit report is that it contains all the relevant data and your performance when you were returning the credit. It also shows the frequency of your credit needs and payback vouchers. This is to evaluate how much you are punctual and what are your financial resources. Take free credit reports from all 3 bureaus are very important. People ask about the three bureaus, basically they act as a platform for providing the scoring. These three are authenticated and most of the credit institutions believe on their credibility. In this way you are not getting the correct evaluate score but also for free.
There is many other credit reporting services available on internet but the three several problems being choosing them:

hey are going to charge you too much for small reports.Their reports related to your credit might have different sort of bias information. That information might lose the chance to get credit.They won’t deliver what is promised on time.Whereas free credit reports from all 3 bureaus by is free of cost. The free service is reliable and many people have already used it. For an instance if you find your credit report not up to the standard then you make take small loans and pay them back earlier to get your credit report improved.

  • The three bureaus are:
1. Experian2. Equifax3. TransUnionAfter getting the free credit reports from all 3 bureaus you should contact the credit facility. They are going to evaluate those reports and approve your loan. The loan and credit would be of small and easy installments. In this way your life is going to be much easier. One of the pupil who used this service shared experience. According to him he knew nothing about the credit reports till his loan was disapproved without any reason. He just surfed on the internet and got his free credit reports. It was the changing event of his life due to which his future loans were approved. He started to live with joy by paying back easy installments.

Keep Your New Year’s Resolution With These 4 Technologies

While nearly half of all Americans regularly make New Year’s resolutions, less than 10 percent actually follow through with their goals. If you’re determined to stick to your resolutions in 2017, check out these four new technologies that might give you the extra motivation you need to stay on track.

Weight loss and improved fitness serve as two of the most common New Year’s resolutions. Maybe you want to shed a few extra pounds, or perhaps you’d like to walk more often and change your sedentary lifestyle. Regardless of the reason, you might experience more luck with weight loss-related goals if you use the latest technology.
For instance, you can use your Apple Watch to track your exercise goals. It can count your steps, monitor your sleep, and tell you how far you’ve run or walked. Plus, it keeps track of your heart rate so you can meet your target, and you can even name your workouts and save the data. Over time, you’ll see how much you’ve improved since January 1.
Take your smartwatch to the gym, too. It can recognize different machines, from treadmills to elipticals, and monitor your progress. The more you use your smartwatch, the better it adapts to suit
your needs.
Technology can also help you save money if you hope to become more frugal in the New Year. Smartphone apps like Myvelopes, for instance, put your cash into virtual envelopes. Each envelope contains money for a specific purpose, such as your rent or mortgage payment, car payment, utilities, or groceries.
These apps can also track your incoming and outgoing cash so you know exactly how you’re spending your paychecks. Sync your credit cards, checking and savings accounts, and other financial instruments so you can see all items in one convenient place. This is ideal for people who prefer using plastic to pay or who don’t want to leave real envelopes full of cash in the house.

Working out takes more than just willpower — it also requires time. If you’re like many Americans,
you pack every minute of your day with activities, from work and family obligations to that much-
deserved hour of television in the evening. Fortunately, new technologies for simplified workouts
emerge every year.

Check out Activ5, for instance. It’s an isometric device that you can fit in your purse, laptop case,
or any other bag. There’s an associated app as well as a smartphone or tablet stand to go with it.
The device itself acts as resistance for strength workouts, whether you’re sitting in your cubicle at
work or watching the latest episode of “Orange Is the New Black.”

Essentially, you use the Activ5 device and your own body to add resistance to any type of strength
training workout. For instance, you can put it on the floor under your hand or foot during a yoga
routine. The smartphone app comes loaded with five-minute workouts so you can easily fit strength
training into your schedule.

These days, your online activities can cost you a job or give an ex a window into your life. If you’re
determined to scrub your online footprint and manage the information that others can find about you,
take advantage of the latest technologies in online security.
Use an app to generate secure passwords, for example, so nobody can hack your accounts. Delete social media accounts that you never use. Alternatively, make them private so you can control who sees them. Change the screen name you use on message boards and other online forums to a word or phrase that doesn’t identify you.

If you want to cut down on your screen time, use an app that disconnects your device from the
internet after a certain amount of time passes. If you hope to make better use of technology,
consider investing in a tablet that you can carry with you. The larger screen might work better for
certain apps than your smartphone.
Keeping your New Year’s resolutions will help you stay positive throughout 2017. Use these
technologies as motivational and convenience tools.

A Prescription for More Black Doctors

It was the 1970s, at the tail end of the civil rights movement. Francis, a black man in his early 40s, had spent most of his life under the suffocating apartheid of the Jim Crow South. But after decades of hard-fought battles and the passage of three major civil rights laws, doors were supposed to be opening, not closing. Francis, the son of a hotel bellhop, had stepped through one of those doors himself when he became the first black student to be admitted to Loyola University’s law school in 1952.

Francis believed he was in a unique position to address the dearth of black doctors. Xavier served a
nearly all-black student body of just over 1,300. At the time, most of Xavier’s science department was
housed in an old surplus Army building donated to the college by the military after World War II. It had
no air-­conditioning, and the heater was so loud in the winter that instructors had to switch it off to be
heard. But the science program had always been strong, if underfunded, and began producing its first
medical-­school students not long after the university was founded in 1925.

Today, Xavier’s campus is mostly wedged between a canal and the Pontchartrain Expressway in Gert
Town, a neighborhood in the western part of New Orleans. It has some 3,000 students and consistently
produces more black students who apply to and then graduate from medical school than any other
institution in the country. More than big state schools like Michigan or Florida. More than elite Ivies like
Harvard and Yale. Xavier is also first in the nation in graduating black students with bachelor’s
degrees in biology and physics. It is among the top four institutions graduating black pharmacists.
It is third in the nation in black graduates who go on to earn doctorates in science and engineering.

Xavier has accomplished this without expansive, high-tech facilities — its entire science program is
housed in a single complex. It has accomplished this while charging tuition that, at $19,800 a year, is
considerably less than that of many private colleges and flagship public universities. It has
accomplished this without filling its classrooms with the nation’s elite black students. Most of Xavier’s
students are the first in their families to attend college, and more than half come from lower-­income

‘‘The question always comes: ‘Well, how did this happen, and why are we No.1?’ ’’ said Francis, who
recently retired from Xavier after 47 years as president. We were sitting in the dining room of his stately
home in the Lake Terrace neighborhood on a sweltering day in August as he thought about the
answer. ‘‘We decided we could do something about it. And what we did, what our faculty did, was just
plain common sense.’’

Xavier University exists within a constellation of more than 100 schools federally designated as
historically black colleges and universities. To achieve this designation, colleges must have opened
before 1964 — the year Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, which banned racial discrimination in
all public facilities and institutions — and must have been founded with the express purpose of
educating black Americans, though students of any race can, and do, attend them.

The first of these historically black colleges, now called Cheyney University, was opened by a Quaker
in Pennsylvania in 1837, at a time when black students were barred from most institutions of higher
learning in the North and the South. But after the Civil War, colleges for black students proliferated
across the South to serve the millions of newly freed people. They were founded by churches,
philanthropists and the federal Freedmen’s Bureau, and then by states, after an 1890 federal law
required states with segregated schools to open at least one black land-grant college. By the 1920s,
black colleges dotted every Southern state and a few Northern ones.

Around that time, a nun named Katharine Drexel, an heiress to a Philadelphia banker who has since
been sainted, used part of her inheritance to open Xavier for black Catholics in New Orleans who were
not allowed to attend the white Catholic colleges in town. It remains the only black Catholic college in
the country. Its mission is the same as every other historically black college. While many colleges were
started to groom the children of the nation’s elite, the goal of historically black colleges has always
been to pull up through education the nation’s most marginalized — first the children of former slaves,
then the children of sharecroppers and maids and today the children of America’s still separate and
unequal K-12 educational system.

Pre-med students at Xavier with Norman Francis, who recently retired as university president after 47
years. Credit Brian Finke for The New York Times
Because of this mandate, the colleges have been one of the most important institutions in building the
nation’s black middle class. The list of promi­nent Americans who studied within the classrooms of
historically black colleges is striking. Among them are Julian Bond, Ta-­Nehisi Coates, Sean Combs,
W.E.B. DuBois, Medgar Evers, Ralph Ellison, Nikki Giovanni, Alex Haley, Langston Hughes, Zora
Neale Hurston, the Rev. Jesse Jackson, James Weldon Johnson, Spike Lee, Toni Morrison, Oprah
Winfrey, Marian Wright Edelman and Andrew Young.

The colleges, created as a result of the nation’s system of legal segregation, produced the very
Americans who would eventually take down that system. Thurgood Marshall, who argued the Brown
v. Board of Education case before the Supreme Court and later became its first black justice, went to
Lincoln University in Pennsylvania and Howard University’s law school. Four freshmen at North
Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro started the large-scale sit-in movement in 1960. Two
Fisk University students, Diane Nash and John Lewis, the long-­serving congressman, helped found
the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and were pivotal in the struggle for civil rights across
the South. The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is the most notable alumnus of one of these institutions
; he entered Morehouse College in Atlanta at the age of 15.

With black students now attending schools that were once off limits, the percentage of black students
who attend historically black colleges has declined from 90 percent in 1960 to just 11 percent today.
But the role of these schools has not changed; they are still focused on addressing the needs of those
whom privilege has passed over. Nearly three of four students at historically black colleges come from
low-­income families, compared with about half of all American college students, and most are still
first-­generation college attendees. Though the institutions account for just 3 percent of all colleges,
they award 16 percent of the bachelor’s degrees earned by black students. Further, historically black
colleges have always been incubators of black leadership; in the 1990s, the last time data was
collected, graduates of these schools accounted for 80 percent of the nation’s black judges, 50
percent of black doctors and lawyers and 40 percent of black members of Congress. Along with
Xavier, other historically black colleges like Morehouse, Howard, Hampton and Spelman are also
among the top feeder schools for black medical students.

When that medical-­school report came across Francis’ desk all those years ago, he was certain of
one thing: The small number of black students entering medical school was not a reflection of their
capabilities. It was a reflection of the shoddy schooling so many of them received before they ever
arrived at the college gate. If Xavier was going build a program to turn large numbers of its students
into doctors, Francis knew the college was going to have to do more than just teach science. It was
going to have to figure out how to overcome years of educational gaps.

Pierre Johnson was just the kind of student the college president had in mind. Johnson grew up in the
1980s on the South Side of Chicago, the oldest child of a single mother who emphasized the
importance of education even as she battled drug addiction. School always came easy to Johnson;
he worked hard in class and did his homework every night.

When Johnson was 10, his mother became pregnant, and he started accompanying her to doctor
appointments. The science of how a tiny group of cells transforms in the womb into a baby, the magic
and mystery of the birth process, fascinated him, and something else captured his attention, too,
something he had never seen before. His mom’s obstetrician was a black man.

Credit Brian Finke for The New York Times

The little boy thought about the way the white doctors at the public clinic had treated his mom with
indifference and often disdain. But this black doctor, ‘‘he didn’t look down on her,’’ Johnson recalled.
‘‘He knew she was a good woman who had a problem. And he gave me, at least, something to say:
‘I can do that.’ ’’ Johnson thought to himself that he would become a doctor, too.

A few years later, he enrolled at an all-black, mostly poor South Side high school, where he continued
to excel in all his classes and dreamed of a life as a physician. On his own, he paged through college
guides at the local library, looking for schools with strong pre-med programs. He came across Xavier,
which boasted of sending the largest number of black graduates to medical school. He had never
been to Louisiana, but he decided, ‘‘That’s where I’m going.’’

Johnson graduated second in his class in 1998. He headed to Xavier full of confidence and
expectations. As he moved into his dorm, he found it invigorating to be around so many smart young
black people with similar goals. He felt as though he fit in. And then he took his first college science
classes. ‘‘It was a pure shock,’’ he said. ‘‘I was extremely unprepared. Stuff that kids knew from high
school, general physics and chemistry, I had no idea, none. I had never done poorly academically my
whole life, and I realized for four years of high school, I had never been challenged.’’ Johnson’s high
school did not offer the Advanced Placement chemistry and biology classes that some of his Xavier
classmates had taken. But it was worse than that. Johnson’s high school did not even offer the basic
high-school courses, like physics, that are needed to succeed in a typical pre-med program. ‘‘I wanted
to be a doctor,’’ he said. ‘‘But I did not even know what the periodic table was.’’

Johnson’s experience is depressingly familiar to Francis. While many students at Xavier and other
historically black colleges come from middle-­class homes, have gone to good schools and have
parents who graduated from college, too many do not. ‘‘I used to say there was no relationship
between being poor and being bright. I watched all of my life young people who were poor and very
bright. But research shows if you are black and born poor, you are going to live in a poor neighborhood
, going to go to a poor school, and by and large, you are going to stay that way,’’ Francis said. ‘‘To
come out of that system, you would have to rise much higher than other youngsters who had every

During Francis’ decades at Xavier, racial disparities in K-12 education remained firmly entrenched.
Black public-­school students are more segregated now than at any time since the mid-1970s. Instead
of receiving more resources to help them succeed, black students, almost without exception, get less.
National data from the Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights show that black students are the
least likely to attend high schools that offer algebra, physics and chemistry. A report released in July
by the ACT and the United Negro College Fund laid out the tragic consequences: Nearly two-thirds of
black students who took the ACT did not meet any of the test’s college-­readiness benchmarks, twice
the national average.

At Xavier, Johnson found himself the embodiment of those statistics, and he was reeling. As he sat in
his general biology and chemistry classes, in which even basic concepts were unfamiliar, he tried to
quiet the rising panic, thinking that if he did what he had always done, just worked harder, he would
get it. A few short months earlier, he was among the smartest kids in school; now he found himself
studying all night only to eke out C’s and D’s on the weekly quizzes given by his professors. Johnson
realized that if he was going to make it, he needed help. He scheduled an appointment with Professor
J.W. Carmichael.

Carmichael, a chemistry professor, arrived at Xavier in 1970, not long after Francis was named
president. At the time, Carmichael was young, untenured and brashly outspoken about what the
college could be doing to place more of its students in medical schools. Despite its rigorous science

program, Xavier was sending only about five to eight graduates to medical school each year.
Carmichael’s candor caught Francis’ attention, and he chose him to run the pre-med program and
implement his vision. Francis believed that Xavier should not follow the example of most pre-med
programs — ‘‘Look to your left, look to your right; only one of you will still be here at the end’’ —
which work to weed out students. To him, that model squandered the talent of far too many students,
especially black ones. Instead of compelling students to compete against one another, he said, it
made much more sense, both morally and practically, to encourage better-­prepared students to help
their classmates who weren’t as fortunate to catch up.

Carmichael, who is in his 70s now, is short and a bit frumpy and wears oversize glasses. He is white
and grew up in a poor family in rural New Mexico, and he knew something about what students like
Johnson experienced when they arrived at college. As the new pre-med adviser, Carmichael worked
with faculty members across the sciences to set up a highly structured system to address students’
problems early and direct them toward help.

When Johnson walked through the door of Carmichael’s office, it meant the program was working as
planned. The quizzes Johnson did so poorly on in his first few weeks were designed as part of Xavier’s
early-­alert system. Carmichael believed that a student needed to know he was failing long before he took his
midterm exam. He connected Johnson to tutoring centers set up for each of his science courses. There,
Johnson met students from other classes, and they began holding large study groups led by a particularly
brilliant classmate who would quickly learn the material and then teach it to others. Students would stay up
until the wee hours of the morning helping one another. ‘‘You have almost a hundred kids asking questions,
discussing the material,’’ Johnson said. ‘‘To see the material broken down that way was just amazing.
And if you didn’t get it, they’d explain it again. And if you still didn’t get it, they’d explain it again.’’

These study groups encouraged just the sort of collaboration Francis had imagined. ‘‘It took the
competition out of it,’’ Johnson said. ‘‘It wasn’t, ‘I’m mad because you got an A.’ It was, ‘How do we both
do that on the next test?’ We had this feeling if we all stuck together and helped each other, we would
make it.’’ Marybeth Gasman, an education professor and the head of the University of Pennsylvania’s
Center for Minority Serving Institutions, which does research on and assists colleges that serve large
numbers of black, Latino, Asian and Native American students, has carefully examined Xavier’s program
and says no school is better at developing students’ shared responsibility for one another’s success. ‘
‘It is dumbfounding to see,’’ she said.

What makes Xavier’s program most unusual is its strictly tailored uniform curriculum in freshman
chemistry and biology. The faculty members collaborate on what they will teach and create a workbook
for these courses that every professor must use. If professors want to teach something not in a
workbook, they must present it to the faculty group for approval. The workbooks take the complicated
material in science textbooks, which often overwhelms students, and specifies, step by step, everything
students need to know for the class. The faculty members then incorporate regular tests and drills, not
only to assess students but also to evaluate whether professors need to adjust their teaching. ‘‘This is
fundamentally different than the way curriculum is taught across the country,’’ Gasman said. ‘‘What
happens with faculty in general: We don’t want anyone telling us what to do in our classes; we pick our
textbooks; we know what is right for our students. But they teach to where the students are and not just
the way they want to teach.’’

Dr. Pierre Johnson in his office in Decatur, Ill. Without Xavier, he said, ‘‘I wouldn’t have made it.’’
Credit Brian Finke for The New York Times
For Johnson, when the workbooks and the study groups weren’t enough, he would spend hours after
class in his professors’ offices as they patiently walked him through the material. By the second semester,
Johnson was exhausted, but he was earning A’s and B’s again.

Excelling in biology and chemistry is only part of what gets students into medical school. Just as critical
to Xavier’s success is the blueprint it created to help students navigate every step in the process of
becoming desirable medical-­school candidates. ‘‘Our formula is built on believing there is no point in
time where a pre-med student at this university shouldn’t know what they ought to be doing to get into
medical school,’’ Quo Vadis Webster, Xavier’s current pre-med adviser, told me. By the end of the first
semester, Johnson and other pre-med students needed to turn in the first of many personal statements
that were critiqued by the university’s writing center. These essays, written and rewritten several times,
would eventually become the ones included in their medical-­school applications.

Johnson attended weekly meetings with Carmichael, at which he continually received checklists and
timelines, learned of research and internship opportunities and met graduates who spoke firsthand about
getting into medical school. The pre-med office had Johnson and his classmates gather their letters of
recommendation early, made sure they were good enough and then kept them on file until they were
needed. Johnson prepared for his MCATs with the help of professors, whom Carmichael had instructed
to take the exams themselves so they would know what their students should expect. Wearing a suit
and tie, Johnson took part in mock interviews. And when the time came, Carmichael looked over every
inch of Johnson’s application to make sure it would pass muster before he sent it out. Webster noted that
wealthy students at elite schools pay thousands of dollars to agencies that help perfect their
medical-­school applications and for courses that help prepare them for the medical exams. Xavier’s
pre-med office, with a dedicated staff of two, provides nearly all of these services free.

Former students told me again and again that Carmichael’s involvement was something akin to fierce
parenting; he believed in his students and would not let them fail. He would stand in the hall, near a wall
decorated with the photos of smiling Xavierites who had become doctors, and reprimand students who
professors reported had missed a class or a deadline. Students had to turn in cards signed by their
professors showing how they had done on quizzes. Carmichael would send letters to parents on brightly
colored paper saying, ‘‘Your child wants to go to medical school,’’ but warning that for some reason, the
student hadn’t done x, y and z. If that didn’t work, he would pick up the phone and call a student’s home.
‘‘There is a constant monitoring,’’ Francis said. ‘‘We expect you to learn, and if you need support, you
are going to get it.’’ He has a name for this system: love and pain.

The system worked for Johnson. After his rocky start, he graduated from Xavier on time in 2002 with a
B average. Though the holes in his education continued to challenge him — he had to take the MCATs
three times — he attended medical school at the University of Illinois in Peoria, where he was the only
black student in his class. It was jarring to go there from Xavier’s nurturing environment. Johnson said he
felt like a man on an island; no one seemed to care if he succeeded or failed. But he pressed on, and
two years ago, Johnson, who is now 35, completed his ob-gyn residency. He works in a practice in
Decatur, Ill., where he sees mothers with sons who remind him of his 10-year-old self, before he learned
how hard it would be for a kid like him to become a doctor. Without Xavier, he said, ‘‘I wouldn’t have
made it.’’

Historically black colleges like Xavier have written the guidebook on how to educate the nation’s neediest
students, but they have always done so with less, and many of these schools are now struggling to
survive. Though federal law required states to treat them and predominantly white colleges equally,
states never did. Lawsuits over the years have argued that states still fail to do so. In 2004, Mississippi
agreed to pay three historically black colleges $503 million when it settled a 30-year-old lawsuit accusing
the state of discrimination in how it funded and supported its black public colleges. Alabama settled a
similar case in 2006, and in 2013, a federal judge found that Maryland discriminated against its
historically black colleges. Louisiana is home to three public, four-year historically black colleges. Last
year, the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education published a study showing that
while these three colleges awarded 40 percent of all bachelor’s degrees earned by black students at the
state’s public universities, they bore the largest percentage of state funding cuts.

As they have fought to get their equal share of government funding, these colleges have also struggled
to build endowments. Nationally, black students are the most likely to borrow money to pay for school,
and they also graduate with the highest student-­loan debt. That means it takes them much longer before
they can write checks to their alma maters instead of to their loan holders. Although the colleges helped
build the black middle class, the black middle class is often not in a position to give back. Even in the
best of economic times, the unemployment rate for black college graduates is more than twice that of
white college graduates. An August study released by the Federal Reserve of St. Louis found that a
college degree did little to protect black wealth — the median net worth of black college graduates
dropped nearly 56 percent from 1992 to 2013, while it rose 86 percent for white college graduates
during that same pe­riod. The average black family has managed to accumulate about $7,000 in wealth,
compared with $111,000 for the average white household, making it difficult for historically black colleges
to find parents and grandparents affluent enough to write big checks for buildings, programs and
scholarships. Alumni do give, Francis said, but the donations are often small.

The endowments at the nation’s black colleges reflect this stark reality. Howard University in Washington
has the largest endowment of all the colleges by far, at $586 million. (The largest endowment among
historically white institutions is Harvard’s $32 billion.) Over all, the gap between the endowments of
historically black colleges and others has doubled in the last two decades.

Without big endowments, the colleges rely heavily on tuition, making them extremely vulnerable to
stagnating or declining enrollments. Because they are designed to serve students with little wealth,
they cannot make up the shortfall by raising tuition. The average tuition of private historically black
colleges is half that of private predominantly white colleges. This means they are often not in a position to
pay competitive faculty salaries and build the fancy buildings and other facilities that college students
shop for.

Families of students at historically black colleges rely heavily on PLUS loans, federal loans that parents
can take out to help pay their children’s tuition. In recent years, the tightening of lending criteria for
PLUS loans has caused a sharp drop in enrollment at historically black colleges, the Education
Department rejected the PLUS loan applications of 14,616 students going to historically black colleges
costing the institutions an estimated $168 million.

Some of the colleges, both private and public, have started buckling under the financial pressures of
meeting very high student need with very few resources. Morehouse College laid off some 50 staff
members in 2012. The South Caro­lina Legislature threatened to shutter for a year the state’s only
historically black college, South Carolina State University, because it could no longer pay its bills after
years of declining enrollment and funding cuts. In 2013, after Grambling State University in Louisiana
lost one-third of its state funding over five years, the football team protested its crumbling facilities and
31-hour bus rides to other schools by refusing to travel to a game. Cheyney State, the first historically
black college, is deeply in debt, and a Pennsylvania state auditor has called the school’s outlook
‘‘bleak.’’ The most unthinkable occurred in 2013, when a board member at Howard, long considered
the black Harvard, warned that without significant changes, the venerable institution would be insolvent
within a few years.

Xavier is trying to weather its own financial struggles. The university reached its highest enrollment in
school history, some 4,100 students, in August 2005. Two weeks later, Hurricane Katrina hit, swamping
the campus under as much as six feet of water. Xavier was forced to make repairs and take out loans.
One thousand students never came back. ‘‘Our enrollment is at a standstill,’’ Francis said. ‘‘The next few
years are going to be very difficult for small schools, and particularly for black schools.’’

This summer, in the weeks before he stepped down as the longest-­serving college president in the
United States, Francis traveled across the country on what he called a legacy tour, visiting alumni and
raising money for a scholarship campaign. Under his tenure, the school has helped produce thousands
of doctors, enrollment has more than doubled and the endowment has grown from $2 million when he
started to $161 million today.

But sitting in his cool dining room this summer, Francis said he also felt discouraged. With just 3,000
students, Xavier is ‘‘too small to be the No.1 institution sending African-­American students to medical
school.’’ The college’s ranking, he said, says as much about America’s failure as it does about Xavier’s

Despite all of Francis’ efforts, and those of other historically black colleges, the number of black doctors
is still meager; black Americans make up 13 percent of the population but account for barely 4 percent
of the nation’s doctors — about the same as it has been for decades.

In August, just weeks after Francis retired, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the same
organization that issued the report some 40 years earlier that he took as a call to act, published another
report. Just 515 black men entered medical school last year. Even though the nation’s black population
is much larger now, that number is 27 fewer than the 542 black men who went to medical school in 1978.

The way Francis sees it, those statistics should be the nation’s shame. American schools have not
absorbed the lessons that historically black colleges have to teach about how to better develop and
support talented students stifled in poor communities across the land. Too many universities, he said,
are content to recruit the most privileged and high-­achieving students in the United States and other
countries. He said he saw historically black colleges ‘‘as the conscience of the nation.’’ But, he added,
‘‘I am not as sanguine about whether this nation fully understands the role we play — what we’ve done
for this country with so little.’’